About LatinEdit

Latin started in the 5th century BC, and it started looseing its main position in Europe in the 15th century.

Today no body can speak latin as well as before, people rarely write it, but many can read it.

Roman Catholic church still use latin language. Also in public schools, students are increasing the learning of Latin language, in the United States.

Latin is a Romantic language.The Latin language belongs to the Italic group of the Indo-European family of languages.

Latin was originally spoken in Latium and Ancient Rome and it is the only surviving brunch of the Italic language family.

Roman Republic literate persons mainly at Rome had created a standard form from the spoken language of the educated and empowered now called Classical Latin, then called Latin.

How Latin words made their way into EnglishEdit

Latin is a romance language and English is a Germanic language. During the 11 century, English adopted thousands of words from Latin, and its grammar changed rather radically. Most Latin word made their way into English throughout the 16th to the 18th century.

English writers created huge numbers of new words from Latin and Greek roots.

There are many word in English that are bonded together with Latin prefixes.

The Germanic tribes who would later give rise to the English language traded and fought with the Latin speaking Roman Empire.

Catholic monks mainly wrote or copied text in Latin, the Mediaeval lingua franca of Europe. Whenever a Old English substitute could not be found, a Latin word could be chosen instead, and many Latin words entered the Old English lexicon in this way. Often, a Germanic word was adapted and given a new shade of meaning in the process. The Latin word was severely restricted in sense, and was not widespread in use among the general population. Latin words tended to be literary or scholarly terms and were not very common. in the middle age, 14th century, continued use of Latin by the Church and centres of learning brought a steady, though dramatically reduced, influx of new Latin lexical borrowings.

Some English words borrowed from LatinEdit

Some of the words which entered English througout the 17th and 18th century were.. apparatus, aqueous, carnivorous, component, corpuscle, data, experiment, formula, incubate, machinery, mechanics, molecule, nucleus, organic, ratio, structure, vertebra.

Words borrowed form Latin:

  • maxim-us
  • bene
  • aqua
  • minor
  • major
  • paper
  • agil
  • abdomen
  • area
  • ultimate
  • actor
  • album
  • animal
  • December
  • climax
  • vortex
  • comma
  • plasma
  • terror
  • tuba
  • tumor
  • quota
  • ratio
  • major
  • rumor
  • editor
  • antenna
  • exit
  • fungus
  • opera
  • tenor
  • phoenix
  • fomula
  • fetus
  • persona
  • idea
  • junior
  • drama
  • administrator
  • minus
  • maximum
  • monitor
  • error
  • motor
  • patina

[1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6]




Etymological processes

        Word creation

                Eponyms · Toponyms · Onomatopoeia · Reduplication · Blend · Back-formation

        Word evolution

                Phonological: Assimilation · Dissimilation · Metathesis

                Morphological: Folk etymology

                Semantic: Semantic widening · Semantic narrowing · Elevation · Degeneration · Metaphorical extension

Languages which have influenced English

        Latin · Greek · French · German · Spanish · Arabic · Old Norse · Proto-Indo-European

Special topics

        Shakespeare's impact on English · Origin and evolution of the alphabet